Looking back on the history of mining and up to present-day techniques, many advancements have occurred in the way mined materials are extracted. Heavy-duty, durable and compact mining equipment has increased cost-effectiveness and the efficiency with which we mine. As a result, the mining industry has been able to reduce waste, as well as dangerous chemicals.

 

zinc mining and processing

Compared to tin mining, the history of zinc mining is relatively short. In the 18th century, it was discovered that sphalerite, or zinc sulfide, could be smelted into brass, resulting in the first patented techniques. Since then, the zinc industry has progressed to the current zinc mining process and production methods used today.

 

The Basics of Zinc Mining and Processing

From coatings to compounds, zinc is used in many areas of our lives. Whether it’s used in the home or an industry setting, zinc remains an important material. Under the below topics, there are many more specific ways in which zinc is part of our work and our lives.

 

What is Zinc Used For?

  • Anti-corrosion coating for steel, brass and other metals
  • Construction materials
  • Die casting precision components
  • The making of brass
  • Cosmetics and pharmaceuticals
  • Micronutrients for people, plants and animals
  • Semiconductor properties

 

Zinc is Found In:

  • Powders
  • Metal coatings
  • Makeup
  • Skincare products
  • Medication
  • Pigments

 

Where is Zinc Found?

Although the largest zinc mine is the Red Dog Mine, located in Alaska, zinc mines exist in 50 countries around the world. Among these 50+ countries, the world’s largest zinc producers are Canada, Australia, China, Peru and the United States. A few zinc mines in Canada, Australia, Ireland and Namibia will close within this decade due to depletion. The major types of zinc ore deposits are generally found to be sediment-hosted, volcanic-hosted, intrusion-related, Broken Ore type or Mississippi Valley Type.

 

The Zinc Mining Process

The zinc mining process is conducted primarily underground, with more than 80 percent of all zinc extracted beneath the Earth’s surface. Eight percent of zinc is mined in open pits, with the remaining 12 percent being mined through both methods. Once it’s removed from the earth, the concentrate is roasted at a temperature of 950 degrees Celsius, causing zinc, sulfur and iron oxidization. After the zinc and iron oxides are reduced to powder form and leached with diluted sulfuric acid, the solution is neutralized and contaminants are removed via filtration. In the foundry, the zinc goes on to take its final form.

 

Learn more about how General Kinematics improves the extraction of Zinc and other minerals with their mining equipment.

 

Leave a Reply

XHTML: You can use these tags: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>

Related GK News

Industry 4.0 and What It Means for Mining and Foundry

Technology is advancing in every industry, the way we — and our equipment — operate is always changing. With new advances in technology comes a bigger focus on how it can improve production, reduce downtime and safety hazards, and streamline costs in a variety of applications. As technology advances and applications in manufacturing and processing […]

Read More
Drive alignment

GK: Manufacturing in the USA

  At General Kinematics, we are proud to be based in the U.S.A. Being based in the U.S.A. allows us to support the U.S. economy by providing jobs for future generations with safe working environments. GK Equipment & Parts  General Kinematics produces the largest selection of vibratory and rotary equipment in the industry. Unlike other […]

Read More
General-kinematics-CD-system

Why Buy From GK?

When facing the decision of purchasing capital equipment, there’s a lot to consider. It’s a big decision that should never be taken lightly. You might find yourself asking, will the equipment work as promised? Will the equipment be reliable? Will it require a lot of routine maintenance and upkeep? What will I do if it […]

Read More